How to Read a Leachman Sale Catalog

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1. Reg#: the registration number of the animal. Nt Reg means the animal is not registered. Pending means that a registration number has been applied for, but was not issued at the time of catalog printing.

2. Brd: breed of the animal if two breeds or less are involved. If more than two breeds are in the animal, then the composition shows the percent British and the percent Continental, i.e. 58B 42C means 58% British and 42% Continental.

3. DOB: date of birth

4. Color: BBK = Homozygous Black, BLK = black, BWF = black white face, BBF = black brockle face, RED = red, RWF = red white face, WHT = white, BRC = black red carrier.

5. Mating type: E = embryo transplant, A = via artificial insemination, N = natural service

6. Sex: B = Bull, H = Female

7. P = polled. S = scurred. H = horned.

8. Cooperator herd where the bull was raised.

9. Pen where the bull is located.

10. Genetic Defect codes – a C appended to the end denotes carrier and an F denotes tested free and P denotes possible but untested.
NH – Neuropathic Hydrocephalus
AM – Arthrogryposis Multiplex
CA – Contractural Arachnodactyly
OS – Osteopetrosis
DD -Developmental Duplication

Phenotype Scores to Make Bull Buying Easier:

11. C. Ease: Calving Ease is the predicted calving ease if you use the bull on heifers. If there is a number in the brown box, this indicates the breed calculated calving ease direct EPD. In addition, we provide our Leachman
estimated calving star system.
***** The easiest calving bulls in the industry.
**** Use on smaller heifers with minimal assistance needed
*** Use on larger heifers with some assistance expected.

12. Growth: This is a score from one star to five stars, where five stars means maximum growth. Even the one star bulls are as growthy as any bull in America 20 years ago.

13. Maternal: This is an estimate of maternal efficiency, NOT milk. It includes cow size, milk, fertility, and growth. The bulls are scored from one star to five stars. Five star bulls will produce some of the most profitable cows in the industry if you sell calves at weaning.

14. Feedlot: This looks at all of the post weaning traits including gain, conversion, carcass weight, and carcass merit. Scored from one star to five stars, where five stars would produce maximum overall value in your feeder calves.

15. Phenotype: A combination of eye appeal and overall kind. Scored from one star to five stars. Five star bulls are the best phenotypic bulls in the sale (in our opinion)! Two star bulls are less attractive visually than average.

16. Disposition: Our traditional score of 1 – 5 on disposition. Score 5 bulls are bulls you can walk up to and touch. Score 3 is about average historically for Leachman bulls. However, we are making a concerted effort to improve disposition, so most bulls score 3 or higher. The bulls scored 2.5 or 2 are nervous and do not like to be in close quarters with people on foot –
but they are great for big range operations.

17. Actual birth weight. This is not adjusted for age of the dam.

EPDs/ABCs

Breed Association EPDs (Expected Progeny Differences) are listed for all registered animals. Leachman ABCs (Across Breed Comparisons) are listed for all un-registered animals. All ABCs are on an Angus base and can be compared across breeds within this catalog. EPDs are appropriate association EPDs without any adjustments.

18. Birth weight EPD/ABC expressed on an Angus scale (or breed scale for Red Angus, and Charolais).

19. Weaning weight EPD/ABC expressed on a breed scale. The Stabilizers are expressed on an Angus scale.

20. Yearling EPD/ABC expressed on a breed scale. The Stabilizers are expressed on an Angus scale.

21. Milk EPD/ABC expressed on a breed scale. The Stabilizers are expressed on an Angus scale. This is the best predictor of a bull’s daughter’s ability to milk. It measures the difference in weaning weight that will be produced between one bull’s daughters and another bull’s daughters due solely to milk.

22. IMF is the ultrasound based EPD/ABC for marbling expressed on a breed scale. The Stabilizers are expressed on an Angus scale.

23. REA is the ultrasound based EPD/ABC for ribeye area expressed on a breed scale. The Stabilizers are expressed on an Angus scale.

24. MWT is the predicted mature weight of daughters that you will get if you use the bull on a 1250 pound cow. If your cows weigh 1350, add 100 to this predicted weight. If your cows weigh only 1150, subtract 100 from this predicted weight. This EPD is the best indicator of daughter size — far better than frame score or yearling height.

25. F:G is the pedigree estimated feed to gain EPD that predicts the feedlot efficiency of the bulls offspring. A negative number means that the bull’s progeny will feed more efficiently. Example: -0.50 means that the bulls progeny will require ½ pound less feed per pound of gain.

26. Intake: is an estimate of the amount of feed that the bull’s progeny will consume over a 112 day feeding period. It is expressed in pounds. Animals with higher intake will consume more throughout their life. Animals with lower intake will consume less.

27. YHT is an EPD, expressed as frame score, predicting the yearling frame score of a sire’s progeny, compared to that of other sires.

28. SC is an EPD, expressed in centimeters, predicting the yearling scrotal circumference of a sire’s progeny, compared to that of other sires.

29. $Ranch EPD: This Leachman profit index that predicts weaning profitability based on calving ease, weaning weight, maternal milk, cow cost, and FERTILITY. Based on producing 100 calves. This EPD assumes a slide on calf prices of $10 / cwt.

30. $Feeder: This number is expressed in terms of the bull’s added value to the sale price of your feeder calves. It is expressed in dollars per head. Thus when comparing a +100 bull vs. a +50 bull, we expect the first bull to sire calves worth $50 per head more at weaning (regardless of their weight).

31. $Profit™ EPD: One, simple, proven number that gives each trait a weight according to its impact on profit.

32. FT: Indicates the bull was individually measured for feed intake. Bulls without this notation, were not individually measured. Unmeasured bulls have EPD’s based on their parental average.

33. PAP: PAP EPD. Read more on pg 180.

Key to bull comments:

• Any reference to % rank is the percentile rank within that bull’s breed. Top 1% means the animal ranks better than 99% of the population on that trait.
• Reference to the number rank (i.e. #2 $Profit) is the bulls rank within his breed within the sale bulls for that trait. So, #4 F:G ST means the 4th best Feed:Gain Stabilizer bull in the sale.
• All bulls are evaluated for foot soundness. Bulls below a 3 score are deemed to have less than desirable hooves. 2.5 Feet = flatter heal and/or slightly longer
toe. 2.0 Feet = flatter heal and much longer toe. 1.5 Feet = evidence of toes curling in on front or hind feet. All such bulls’ feet have been trimmed and sell with our complete guarantee.

• Other abbreviations used in the comments include:
• Dam 5@101 NR – indicates that the bull’s dam has five calves with an average weaning ratio of 101
• WR & NR = weaning or nursing ratio. How the calf ranked within herd on their adjusted weaning weight.
• YR = yearling ratio. How the calf ranked within herd on adjusted yearling weight.
• AWW = adjusted 205 day weaning weight. AYW = adjusted 365 day yearling weight.
• REA & IMF = either adjusted data or ratios for ultrasound ribeye area and inter-muscular fat (marbling).
• ADG = average daily gain on test.
• WDA = weight per day of age at a year.
• Stay = the Red Angus EPD for Stayability. This predicts the likelihood that a bull’s daughters stay in the herd. +14 means that 14% more of this bull’s daughters will be in the herd at age 6.

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